Health Benefits of Carrots – Carrot (Daucus carota) is a powerful vegetable that makes diets healthy and reach when added to our food. It’s very crunchy, tasty and nutritious. Carrots play a very vital role in our lives. Research carried-out on carrots it’s mostly focused on carotenoids which produce bright yellow, red, and orange colours in plants, vegetables, and fruits.
The nutrition facts for two small-to-medium raw carrots (100 grams) are slated as follows:
- Calories: 41
- Water: 88%
- Protein: 9 grams
- Carbs: 6 grams
- Sugar: 7 grams
- Fiber: 8 grams
- Fat: 2 grams
The water content of carrot ranges from 86–95%, and the edible percentage consists of around 10% carbs.
Carrots are mainly composed of water and carbs. The carbs consist of starch and sugars, such as sucrose and glucose (1Trusted Source).
Pectin is said to be the main form of soluble fiber in carrots. Soluble fibers can lower sugar levels by bringing down digestion of sugar and starch.
They can also feed the friendly bacteria in your gut, which may lead to improvement of health and decreased risk of disease human system.
Why Should I eat Carrots
They can lower the risk of getting cancer. Antioxidants have been proven to fight harmful bacteria in your body system, and it can prevent you from having cancer. The two main types of antioxidants in carrots are carotenoids and anthocyanins. Carotenoids give carrots their orange and yellow colors, while anthocyanins are responsible for red and purple coloring.
Reduced risk/prevention of cancer: Studies have proven that regular eating of carrots or diets rich in carotenoids can help protect against several types of cancer eg, lung, breast, prostate and colon cancer.
Carrots are rich in beta carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in the liver. Beta carotene has been shown prove to protect against macular degeneration. People with low vitamin A levels are more likely to experience night blindness, a condition that can diminish just by eating carrots or adding them to your diet. People who eat carrots have about a 40% lower risk of muscular degeneration. This is probably the best-known carrot superpower. They’re rich in beta-carotene, a compound your body changes into vitamin A, which helps keep your eyes healthy. And beta-carotene helps protect your eyes from the sun and lowers your chances of cataracts and other eye problems.
Yellow carrots have lutein, which is also good for your eyes. Studies have found that it can help with or prevent age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss in the U.S.They help your heart. First, all those antioxidants are also good for your heart. Second, the potassium in carrots can help keep your blood pressure in check. And third, they have fiber, which can help you stay at a healthy weight and lower your chances of heart disease.
Red carrots also have lycopene, which helps prevent heart disease. They boost your immune system. The vitamin C in carrots helps your body build antibodies that defend your immune system. Vitamin C also helps your body take in and use iron and prevent infections.
They can help with constipation. If you’re having trouble going to the bathroom, try munching on some raw carrots. With their high fiber content, they can help ease constipation and keep you regular.
They can help control diabetes. People with diabetes are advised to load up on non-starchy vegetables, including carrots. The fiber in carrots can help keep blood sugar levels under control. And they’re loaded with vitamin A and beta-carotene, which there’s evidence to suggest can lower your diabetes risk.
They can strengthen your bones. Carrots have calcium and vitamin K, both of which are important for bone health.
If you eat too much beta-carotene, it can make your skin turn an orange-yellow color. This condition is called carotenemia. It’s relatively harmless and usually can be treated. But in extreme cases, it can keep vitamin A from doing its job and affect your vision, bones, skin, metabolism, or immune system.
Main plant compounds in carrots are:
- Beta carotene:Orange carrots are very high in beta carotene. The absorption is better (up to 6.5-fold) if the carrots are cooked.
- Alpha-carotene:An antioxidant that, like beta carotene, is partly converted into vitamin A in your body.
- Lutein:One of the most common antioxidants in carrots, lutein is predominantly found in yellow and orange carrots and is important for eye.
- Lycopene:A bright red antioxidant found in many red fruits and vegetables, including red and purple carrots, lycopene may decrease your risk of cancer and heart disease.
- Polyacetylenes:Recent research has identified bioactive compounds in carrots that may help protect against leukemia and other cancers.
- Anthocyanins:These are powerful antioxidants found in dark-colored carrots